Today humanity faces serious issues concerning its sustainable existence. The situation of resource materials shortening along with aggressive development of consumer philosophy enforce impetuous environmental decline. Massive water and air pollution, energy over consumption, ‘green house’ effect and climate abnormalities unfortunately became real for everyday life and do not change for the better so far. However, certain steps towards sustainable development are already being taken. Recycling policy is widely advertised as effective remedy against most of environmental problems.
Recycling is namely an operation of reprocessing of used materials or wastes into new materials ready for second exploitation. Successful managing of used resources, therefore, can be really amazing. In Japan, for instance, the overall issue of recycling is implemented as a part of national policy. Japanese government built a nation-wide waste collection and processing infrastructure, covering all fields of social and economic life, which effectively works as a component of state development program. The airport of Haneda in Tokyo, designed for internal air traffic, is built on a huge artificial island made of waste. It is able to simultaneously accept about a hundred of wide body aircrafts, such as Boeng 747 Jumbojets and Airbus 777. National recycling programs anticipation in Japan, therefore, evidently adds to state economic and social consistency.
Sustainable development is known as an integration program involving three areas of social, environmental and economical life. In this framework, all three components are inevitably intertwined with recycling processes and principles. Reuse and reprocessing of used materials decrease expenses and push to manufacturing optimization. Recycling requires higher level of environmental education and social interaction, where the very process of sustainability embodiment starts on the level of individual action and understanding, and then develops into global society interaction. Therefore, implementing recycling principles leads not only to improvement of environmental situation, but also to better performance of economics and better social understanding and interaction.